Kyoto

Kyoto:

Japanese maple leave in autumn, Koyo, Japan

Japanese maple leave in autumn, Koyo, Japan

Kyoto  is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan.  Formerly the Imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Kyoto is also known as the thousand-year capital. Over the centuries, Kyoto was destroyed by many wars and fires, but due to its historic value, the city was dropped from the list of target cities for the atomic bomb and spared from air raids during World War II. Countless temples, shrines and other historically priceless structures survive in the city today.

History:

Kyoto is an ancient city with a 1200 year history. During the 8th century, when powerful Buddhist clergy became involved in the affairs of the Imperial government, Emperor Kammu chose to relocate the capital in order to distance it from the clerical establishment in Nara. His last choice for the site was the village of Uda, in the Kadono district of Yamashiro Province.   In the 11th century, the city was renamed Kyoto (“capital city”). Although military rulers established their governments either in Kyoto (Muromachi shogunate) or in other cities such as Kamakura (Kamakura shogunate) and Edo (Tokugawa shogunate), Kyoto remained Japan’s capital until the transfer of the imperial court to Tokyo in 1869 at the time of the Imperial Restoration.

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Places Not To Miss:

 Kiyomizudera Temple:

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Nijo Castle:

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Kinkakuji:

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Ginkakuji:

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Kyoto National Museum:

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Higashiyama District:

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Fushimi Inari Shrine:

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